Failure to comply with legislation regarding electrical safety can result in large fines, licenses being revoked, fees being levied and in some cases a prison sentence.
Landlords have a legal duty to ensure that their rental property and all electrical equipment provided is safe before renting the property and during its occupancy.
The Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 in England and Wales states the following:
All electrical installation work undertaken in a home in England and Wales must, by law, comply with Part P of the Building Regulations.
If you intend to carry out any electrical installation work in a domestic premises, you must either:
From the 1st October 2015, all properties occupied by tenants must ensure the following:
It is adviseable to have a regular agreement with a qualified electrician to carry out installation and testing work - they can provide certification available from electraform like the samples above.
An electrical installation comprises all the fixed electrical equipment that is supplied through the electricity meter. It includes cables that are usually hidden in walls, ceilings and under floors. It includes accessories such as socket-outlets, light fittings and switches, the consumer unit that contains circuit breakers or fuses and preferably RCD's.
What constitutes a 'good' electrical installation such as:
Over time, the installation will start to deteriorate, connections can work loose, equipment can become damaged, building and maintenance work can have an impact on the electrical installation.
You should ensure that you receive and keep all paperwork or electronic documentation (PDF's) for all completed electrical installation work and periodic inspection and testing. All certificates and reports should include schedules of inspections and test results where appropriate.
Every electrical installation deteriorates with age and use. You must ensure that your tenant(s) - or anyone entering or using your property are not put at risk, by ensuring that the electrical installation remains in a safe condition for continued use.
A periodic inspection should:
When the outcome of a periodic inspection is Unsatisfactory, remedial work will be necessary to rectify any issues identified as a Code C1 (danger present) or code C2 (potentially dangerous) before the installation can be deemed to be fit for continued service.
It is NOT necessary to issue a "clean" EICR once remedial work has been carried out to a satisfactory standard - the issue of EIC's or MW's will satisfy. Both documents will provide evidence that a periodic inspection has been undertaken, and issues rectified.
It is adviseable to have a regular agreement with a qualified electrician to carry out inspection, testing and remedial work - they can provide certification and reports available from electraform like the samples above.
In general, for rented accomodation, the period between the initial inspection (when the installation was first put into service) and the first periodic inspection should not exceed 5 years.
When the outcome of a visual inspection is Unsatisfactory, remedial work will be necessary to rectify any issues identified as a Code C1 (danger present) or code C2 (potentially dangerous) before the installation can be deemed to be fit for continued service.
It is adviseable to have a regular agreement with a qualified electrician to carry out periodic and interim inspections - they can provide reports available from electraform like the samples above.
Most deaths from electric shocks amd fires in UK homes are caused by misuse, faulty plugs leads and appliances.
If you provide appliances (such as a kettle, washing machine etc) for your tenant(s) you should check that the item carries at least a CE mark - this is the manufacturer's claim that it meets the minimum requirements of EU legislation.
To ensure electrical appliances remain safe to use, regular basic safety checks should be carried out including:
It is adviseable to have a regular agreement with a qualified electrician to carry out portable appliance testing on your behalf - they can provide reports and certificates available from electraform like the samples above.